UZBEKISTAN: WATER PROJECTS

 

 

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT, U.S. & FOREIGN COMMERCIAL SERVICE AND U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, 2001. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES.

 

 

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SUMMARY

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1. Uzbekistan and its neighboring countries traditionally have limited water resources. Water usage over recent history was focussed on harvesting a single crop, cotton, which dominates Uzbekistan's agriculture sector. Irrational management of the irrigation systems resulted in huge ecological problems, including the Aral Sea disaster. Therefore, modernization and improvement of the water systems became a priority task for the Uzbek government, and the subject of international financial support. Several investment projects for the improvement of the water systems arena, which are supported by International Financial Institutions (IFI) are now available for new business opportunities for U. S. firms and organizations with relevant experience. End summary.

 

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Introduction

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2. For many years a single crop cotton - dominated Uzbekistan's agriculture sector. An inefficient planning system stimulated significant increase of the artificially irrigated areas for cotton, and an inadequate increase of water consumption from the two main rivers in the region Amu Darya and Syr Darya compounded the environmental situation. In the 1960s, 56 cubic kilometers of water flowed through above-mentioned rivers into the Aral Sea. In the 1990s, 50 cubic kilometers were used for irrigation of the newly cultivated lands, and not a single gallon of water was returned to the sea. There are 7,330,000 hectares of irrigated land area in the territory of Central Asia, which require 115.5 cubic kilometers of water. The present volume of the Aral Sea is 246 cu. km, so the irrigated areas alone can completely consume the sea in two years' time.

 

3. According to the Uzbek officials, only 40 per cent of the water actually reach the crops. Approximately 40 per cent of the water is lost in the irrigation systems and about 20 per cent evaporates during the irrigation process. It is forecasted that water consumption will increase within the next 20 years by approximately 40 percent, and an additional 17 percent more water will be required to produce sufficient quantities of food due to the increasing population. Further, increased water consumption is estimated for industry, where the growth figures will range from 20 to 50 per cent.

 

4. Currently Amu Darya River flows at the 50 per cent level. Some of the surrounding Uzbekistan provinces receive less than 35 percent of average annual volume. This situation creates significant difficulties for clean drinking water delivery to the population in those areas. Over the past few years water has been delivered over long distances and daily distribution norm were 12-15 liters per person. The sanitary-epidemiological situation remains adverse. The quality of water in open reservoirs does not meet the chemical and bacteriological standards. Only in last year, 11 "El-Tor" cholera bacilli and 540 quasi-cholera bacilli were identified in the main channels, which constitutes the main source of the drinking water.

 

5. Another issue is the absence of a water measuring systems. An official figure for daily per capita consumption of drinking water in Tashkent is 530 liters, or almost twice the level in other major cities of the world. This testifies primarily to the fact that there are no measuring instruments, the water supply system is exhausted, and the rate system in effect is flawed. As a result, a significant quantity of the clean drinking water is lost or used for other purpose.

 

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List of the projects

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6. To improve the situation in the water resources management sector, the government of Uzbekistan, international organizations, firms and IFIs are developing and implementing a number of projects. The main projects with their budgets and statuses are listed below.

 

6.1. Improvement of the water systems in Samarkand city.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services, the government of Samarkand province.

Purpose of the Project: Equipment procurement for the Samarkand waterworks.

Budget: USD $4.45 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by Natexis Bank (France).

Status of the Project: Uzbek government on June 17, 1999 approved this project. Procurement announcement will be published in local press.

 

6.2. Installation of the Water Treatment Units in Muynak town.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services.

Purpose of the Project: Procurement of the five fixed water treatment units for installation in this region, allocated by the local authorities, and procurement of 2,500 units of portable tanks for clean water delivery services.

Budget: USD $1 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by Natexis Bank (France).

Status of the Project: Uzbek government on June 17, 1999 approved the project. Procurement announcement will be published in local and international press.

 

6.3. Modernization of the Southern Golodnostepsky Channel.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Agriculture, Land improvement and Water Economy.

Purpose of the Project: Modernization of the water regulation equipment for the water channels in the Golodnaya Step' desert area, including installation of an up-to-dated water management unit.

Budget: USD $2.76 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by Natexis Bank (France).

Status of the Project: Uzbek government on June 17, 1999 approved the project. Procurement announcement will be published in local press.

 

6.4. Clean water, sanitation and public health.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Macro Economy and Statistics, Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services.

Purpose of the Project: To provide safe drinking water along with improved hygiene education and sanitation facilities for the Republic of Karakalpakstan and Khorezm Province, reducing water-borne diseases; and to strengthen the institutional capacity of the regional water supply; sanitation utilities, and the regional health centers and sanitary epidemiology stations.

Budget: USD $75 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the World Bank.

Status of the Project: Uzbek government on October 15, 1998 approved the project. Procurement announcement will be published in Development Business.

 

6.5. Improvements of the water supply system and sanitation in Bukhara and Samarkand.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Macro Economy and Statistics.

Purpose of the Project: Reconstruction and development of the waterworks, installation of water measuring equipment.

Budget: USD $40 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the World Bank.

Status of the Project: The project is awaiting government approval.

 

6.6. Development of drainage systems in Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Bukhara provinces.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Agriculture, Land improvement and Water Economy.

Purpose of the Project: Development of a drainage system improvement strategy for the Amudarya river site, construction of the right-bank collector and elimination of the land salting and swamping problems in the area.

Budget: USD $60 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the World Bank.

Status of the Project: The project is at the engineering development phase. Procurement announcement will be published in Development Business.

 

6.7. A program for drinking water supplies to the rural areas of Horezm province.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Obi-Hayot Agency.

Purpose of the Project: Supply of the high quality drinking water to the population of Horezm province.

Budget: DM23 million or USD $12.12 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the KWF (Germany).

Status of the Project: The project is awaiting government approval.

 

6.8. Development of irrigation and drainage systems in Akaltyn district of Syrdarya province.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Agriculture, Land improvement and Water Economy.

Purpose of the Project: Improvement of the irrigation and drainage systems in the area.

Budget: USD $22.5 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the ADB.

Status of the Project: The project is awaiting approval.

 

6.9. Improvement of the water systems in Nukus and Urgench cities.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Macro Economy and Statistics, Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services.

Purpose of the Project: Implementation of various measures oriented for the improvement of water systems in urban and rural areas of Karakalpakstan and Horezm provinces.

Budget: USD $20 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by Kuwait Foundation of Arabic Development.

Status of the Project: The project is in the implementation stage. Procurement announcement will be published in local and international press.

 

6.10. Improvement of the Nukus City Sewer Systems.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Macro Economy and Statistics, Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services.

Purpose of the Project: Improvement of the Nukus City Sewer Systems.

Budget: USD $5 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the Swiss Ministry of Finance.

Status of the Project: The Agreement with Swiss Confederation has been approved. The project is in the implementation stage.

 

6.11. Reconstruction of the waste water treatment facilities in Namangan City.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Namangan City Department of Housing and Municipal Services.

Purpose of the Project: Capacity increase of the water treatment facilities up to 210 thousand cubic meters and improvement of ecological situation in the area.

Budget: USD $16 million.

Financing source: Has not been defined.

Status of the Project: The project is in the Feasibility Study preparation stage.

 

6.12. Reconstruction of the rural water-distribution networks in Horezm province.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry for Foreign Economic Relations.

Purpose of the Project: Implementation of various measures oriented on improvement of the water systems in urban and rural areas of Horezm province.

Budget: USD $5.96 million.

Financing source: Loan provided by the KWF (Germany).

Status of the Project: The project is in the implementation stage.

 

6.13. Modernization and reconstruction of machined irrigation systems.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Agriculture, Land improvement and Water Economy.

Purpose of the Project: Improvement of the energy saving and water saving records.

Budget: USD $100 million.

Financing source: Partly from the loan provided by the World Bank.

Status of the Project: The Implementation Agency has developed a Terms of References. It is expected that the Agency will announce a recruitment of an international-consulting firm.

 

6.14. Automation of the water consumption controls in local irrigation networks.

 

Local Implementation Agency: Ministry of Agriculture, Land improvement and Water Economy.

Purpose of the Project: Automation of the water consumption controls in the local irrigation networks.

Budget: USD $703.3 thousand.

Financing source: The loan provided by the World Bank.

Status of the Project: The project has been complete.

 

For more information on above projects please contact the Commercial Service in Tashkent using the contact information below:

 

Ms. Tyrena Holley, Senior Commercial Officer

Mr. Jahongir Mavlany, Commercial Assistant

The U.S. Foreign Commercial Service

41, Buyuk Turon Street

Tashkent, Uzbekistan 700000

Tel: (998-71) 120-67-05/06

Fax: (998-71) 120-66-92

 

This report is provided courtesy of the Business Information Service for the Newly Independent States (BISNIS)